Bone Density Test
Bone density test is a very safe and painless process to check for the strength of your bone. Let’s get some more info on bone loss.
Bone density test is done to measure the density of your bone which means how much strength you have. An X-ray is taken which is termed as DEXA scan. In order to keep your bone in good condition, you must get the test done every few years.
This bone profile blood test will help in determining if you have osteoporosis. Osteoporosis has become very common nowadays which results in fractures in your bone.
Osteoporosis means porous bone and it is when the bones become very fragile. Due to this, you may lose mineral density in your body. The DEXA scan looks at typically the hip area. This test will help patients to treat severe bone loss prior to their diagnosis.
Osteoporosis usually develops slowly, although there are many signs that will indicate you regarding this disease. The first sign is often the bone fracture after bumping into something or having a minor fall. In people with osteoporosis, these bones will break despite no fall or bumping.
Another common sign is back pain which gives eternal pain without even going. The pain happens due to the small fracture in the bones of the back.
How do you know you have osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis has no symptoms and you would never know until you break a bone. Your doctor can detect this using a bone density test which helps in diagnosing the problem way earlier. Experts recommend testing bone density for women above 65 and men above 70 and younger people with fractures or those with risk factors. Some people learn that they have osteoporosis because they break during a fall or just with a mild impact.
This is termed as fragility fracture because people who have healthy bones should not suppose to break bones so easily. People with fragility fractures have a higher risk of breaking more bones and thus they can have health risks due to such fragility.
Risk factors for osteoporosis include:
- Advancing age
- Previous fracture
- Current cigarette smoking
- Drinking large amounts of alcohol
- Eating a low calcium diet
- Being inactive or underweight
- Taking steroids medicines
- Having a small body frame or low body weight
- Having a family history of bone fractures
- Having rheumatoid arthritis
- Secondary causes of osteoporosis
Secondary causes of osteoporosis include- premature menopause, malabsorption, malnutrition, celiac disease, chronic liver disease, inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn disease, and ulcerative colitis. Hormonal abnormalities may also cause osteoporosis such as hyperparathyroidism, hyperthyroidism, hypogonadism, and growth hormone deficiency.
Having low vitamin D, low calcium and low phosphate may also add up to this misery. Some cancers including multiple myeloma will also result in osteoporosis. Diabetes mellitus is also associated with osteoporosis.
Who is in a risk-free zone?
Doctors don’t recommend bone profile test London for people aged under 70 in men and 65 in women. Most people have a mild bone loss which is termed as osteopenia which doesn’t require the BDT (bone density test). For such patients, the doctors recommend increasing the strength of the bone by adopting a healthy way of living.
Exercising regularly and getting plenty of calcium will help in building up the bone tissue and will make them stronger. Lack of Vitamin D will also cause this disease to affect your body. Make sure you are getting enough vitamin d as per your age. All these will definitely help you regain strength in your bone.
Can scanning be risky?
Often times it happens that the exposure to the radiation destroys the tissue which ultimately affects your bone. The scan machine releases a kind of radiation that is harmful to the bones. Direct radiation exposure might lead to problems, hence if you can avoid this, you should do that! Your bones won’t be affected the moment you had scanned. It just adds up in your body and then slowly leads its way to bone loss.
The perfect age group people for the scanning
Doctors have recommended women over 65 and men over 70 to get the DEXA scan done. This scan is only suitable for people who have moderate risk fractures or when the patient is undergoing a change in his medical plans. Younger men and women should only get the test if they had any minor injuries or have a family history of bone deficiency or any serious condition on bone loss.
Treatment for osteoporosis
Your doctor will give you the most common drug which deals with bone loss and is known as Fosamax (generic alendronate) and Actonel (generic risedronate). These medicines come up with many beneficial factors plus some do have side effects as well.
Make sure you discuss with your nearby healthcare provider before buying them. The most common side effects that might happen when you will be on these medications are heartburn, upset stomach, and swallowing problems. Some of the rarest of side effects are cracks in the thighbones, joint and muscle pain, heart rhythm problems, and bone loss in the jaw.
They are not much likely to show! There are also some types of drugs that are used to treat osteoporosis containing health risks such as heart attack, stroke, blood clot, and serious infection. The treatment for osteoporosis might not have a huge impact on the patient.
The drugs are only given to treat mild bone loss conditions. Even if the drugs are helping patients, they might be for a few years. Mild bone loss must be treated with healthy habits and proper nutrition.
In conclusion, loss of bone can be a serious matter if not treated on time. Be aware of the strength of your bone so that you can take prompt action and treatment before it gets worse. Have a regular checkup at Private Blood Test London to know about the overall healthy tissue and bones.
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