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Why Prune And What Are Four Basic Pruning Cuts?

Pruning Cuts

Pruning cuts helps in maintaining good health of trees and make them look beautiful. The pruning technique not just helps in restoring a healthy tree but also helps to ensure the safety of life and property around the trees. You should take the help of professionals such as arborist Sydney for tree pruning. Here, we are going to discuss the various advantages of tree pruning:

  • Ensure Safety

Sometimes overgrown branches or low-growing branches create a problem and act as an impediment. The overgrown branches may interfere with power lines, entering windows of your neighbors, or interfering with the roof of your home, etc.

On the other hand, low-growing branches will create problems for the passing vehicle. Therefore, these branches should be removed to ensure safety at your place. Also, you should remove split or broken branches so that they do not fall and create havoc.

  • Restore Healthy Growth

After pruning broken or diseased parts of the tree, nutrients & water will be distributed to the healthy sections of the tree. Thus, the tree will easily restore good health and grow larger & stronger.

  • Direct Growth of Branches

The pruning technique also influences the direction of branches. When you cut through any branch of the tree, then it will stop the growth of the branch in that particular direction. It will help to transform a young tree into a strong tree branching structure.

  • Stop Unwanted Growth

The pruning technique will help in reducing the growth of unwanted branches. You have to remove the thin branches, get rid of suckers, and water sprouts.

  • Help to Get Rid Diseased or Affected Branches

The trees can help in removing branches of trees that are diseased or affected. If any branch of the tree is dead or pest-ridden, then it is a good idea to get rid of them.

  • Create Any Shape of Tree

The pruning technique allows you to give any shape to the trees. You can easily prune trees and shrubs into beautiful and fanciful shapes.

  • Produce More Flowers or Fruits

The flowering plants and fruit trees should be pruned at the right time. When the flowering plants and fruits trees are pruned, then it results in good yield and high productivity.

Various Types of Pruning Cuts

The basic pruning cuts are categorized into four different groups. These four pruning cuts can produce different effects on the tree. If you want to cut the growth bud, then you should angle it a 45 degree. Read the following steps that can be implemented for tree pruning.

Step 1: Pinching

One of the simplest pruning techniques is pinching. In this pruning technique, you will get rid of the branches without cutting. In this technique, you have to simply pinch off the terminal bud. You just have to use your thumb and forefinger to get rid of branches.

This technique will prevent the stem from elongating. Also, it will foster the busy growth of trees. This pruning technique is usually implemented on perennial plants. This pruning method also encourages the growth of small-leaved shrubs.

Step 2: Heading Pruning Cuts

This type of pruning cut is formed far away from the shoot as compared to the pinching. Usually, the lateral buds have full-grown leaves, and you have to make cuts above the leaves. In most cases, the pruning technique is implemented with the hand-held pruners. The heading pruning cuts stimulate the bud and enhance the dense growth.

Step 3: Shearing Pruning Cuts

The shearing pruning cuts are formed to create a bush in a spherical or square form. The shearing is a form of heading that includes no cutting back to a bud. But this technique is implemented on the plants that have more lateral buds. Therefore, you will ultimately end up forming a cut near to the bud.

The shearing pruning technique stimulates various buds and encourages new growth of plants. As the shearing pruning cuts are formed right through the leaves of trees or bushes; therefore, this technique should be implemented on small-leaved plants. For shearing pruning cuts, hand-held or electric hedge shears are used.

Step 4: Thinning Pruning Cuts

This type of pruning cuts helps in thinning the branches of trees. Also, it is aimed to decrease the re-growth of branches. All cuts will help to get rid of the complete stem or tree branch. The main objective of thinning pruning cuts is to get rid of the dense cluster formed by the tree branches.

You can use hand-held pruners, pruning saws, and loppers to cut dense branches. It will lead to the thinning of trees. The cuts are formed based on the thickness of the branch. The pruning technique is highly beneficial for trees and shrubs.

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